Share: LED epitaxial film introduction and identification of quality methods

The production process of the epitaxial wafer is very complicated. After the epitaxial wafer is finished, the next epitaxial wafer is randomly selected from nine points for testing. The products that meet the requirements are good products, and the others are defective products (the voltage deviation is large, the wavelength is short or Long, etc.). The epitaxial wafer of the good product will start to be the electrode (P pole, N pole), then the laser will be used to cut the epitaxial wafer, and then the percentage of 捡, according to different voltage, wavelength, brightness, fully automated inspection, that is, formation Led wafer (square). Then, visual inspection is carried out to separate the defects or the electrodes from wear and tear. These are the latter crystals. At this time, there are wafers on the blue film that do not meet the normal shipping requirements, and it naturally becomes a side piece or a piece of film. The epitaxial film of the defective product (mainly some parameters do not meet the requirements), it is not used for the square piece, it is directly used as the electrode (P pole, N pole), and does not do the sorting, which is the LED circle on the market. The film (there are also good things in it, such as squares, etc.).

Semiconductor manufacturers mainly use polished Si wafers (PW) and epitaxial Si wafers as raw materials for ICs. Epitaxial wafers were used in the early 1980s, which have certain electrical characteristics not found in standard PW and eliminate many surface/near surface defects introduced in crystal growth and subsequent wafer processing.

Historically, epitaxial wafers have been produced and used by Si wafer manufacturers and are used in small quantities in ICs. It requires deposition of a thin single crystal Si layer on the surface of a single crystal Si wafer. The thickness of the epitaxial layer is generally 2 to 20 μm, and the thickness of the substrate Si is 610 μm (150 mm diameter sheet and 725 μm (200 mm sheet).

Epitaxial deposition can be used to process multiple wafers at the same time, or to process a single wafer. The monolithic reactor produces the best quality epitaxial layers (thickness, uniformity of resistivity, and low defects); this epitaxial wafer is used in the production of 150mm "leading edge" products and all important 200 mm products.

Epitaxial product

Epitaxial products are used in four areas, and CMOS complementary metal oxide semiconductors support leading edge processes that require small device sizes. CMOS products are the largest application area for epitaxial wafers and are used by IC manufacturers for non-recoverable device processes, including flash memory and DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory) for microprocessors and logic chips and memory applications. Discrete semiconductors are used to fabricate components that require precision Si characteristics. The "exotic" semiconductor class contains specialty products that use non-Si materials, many of which are incorporated into epitaxial layers using compound semiconductor materials. Buried layer semiconductors are physically isolated using heavily doped regions within the bipolar transistor elements, which are also deposited during epitaxial processing.

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